Speaker-Stephan Roche

Stephan Roche

Stephan Roche is ICREA Research Professor, head of the Theoretical and Computational Nanoscience Group of Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2). He is a theoretical physicist expert in quantum transport and in the development of computational modelling of nanomaterials and devices. His expertise includes the development of order N quantum transport (Kubo and Landauer-Büttiker conductances), with which he has pioneered mesoscopic transport studies in chemically disordered graphene-based materials and devices. He has a deep experience in developing advanced simulation tools in the context of industrial research, with collaborations including large companies such as NEC, ST Microelectronics, and SAMSUNG. He is co-supervising the GRAPHENE SPINTRONICS Work package within the Graphene Flagship project.

Title:Could Graphene and 2D Materials revolutionize Spintronics? Current challenges & opportunities
SymposiumNon-traditional Applications
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Graphene has been heralded as the ideal material to achieve long spin propagation and further control the spin degree of freedom, in the quest of advancing non-charge-based information processing and computing, and for creating a new generation of active (CMOS compatible) spintronic devices together with non-volatile low energy MRAM memories. Many technological roadblocks and lack of fundamental knowledge are however limiting today´s progress. Indeed, despite ultralow intrinsic and Rashba spin-orbit couplings (SOC) in clean graphene (μeV range), measured spin lifetimes remain in the range of several nanoseconds. This is orders of magnitude shorter than initially predicted, but already enough to envision disruptive non-charge-based room-temperature applications [1]. Besides, the physics of graphene “can be enriched and manipulated” by harvesting the large amount of possibilities of proximity effects with magnetic insulators, strong SOC materials, topological insulators, etc. One challenge is to endow a sizable spin-to-current conversion efficiency by enhancing spin-orbit interaction (say up to meV).  Claims have been made that very large spin Hall angles (figure of merit for spin Hall effect-SHE) could be generated by using chemical functionalization with hydrogen or Au/Cu ad-atoms, or interfacing graphene with WS2 substrate [2]. Those results are however fiercely questioned [3].
In this talk, after presenting the uniqueness of graphene and 2D Materialsfor spintronics applications, I will discuss the fundamentals of spin transport in graphene-based materials, accounting for the effect of substrate, impurities, and ad-atoms. The role of “pseudospin” in driving spin dephasing and relaxation will be unveiled in the ultraclean limit for which electron-hole puddles and micron eV spin-orbit interaction will be explained [4].  Second, I will show how chemical functionalization (fluorine, gold and thallium ad-atoms) and proximity effects with other 2D materials can generate spin-dependent phenomena such as spin filters, quantum spin Hall and tunable spin Hall effects in graphene, all this providing unprecedented options for innovative spin devices and new applications

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E-mail: meeting@c-gia.org

Abstract: Minyang Lu

Sponsor: Wenyang Yang

Media: Liping Wang

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