Speaker-Alain Pénicaud

Alain Pénicaud
Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal – CNRS, France
Alain Penicaud is a senior CNRS researcher working at CNRS and the University of Bordeaux. He has pioneered the use of reductive dissolution by showing in 2005 that true solutions of exfoliated carbon nanotubes could be obtained by dissolving alkali metal salts of nanotubes. He later applied that to graphite to obtain graphene solutions in 2007.
Title:Additive Free, Single Layer Graphene in Water & Few Graphene Layers from Food Waste
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Abstract

(i) Full exfoliation of graphite to form thermodynamically stable, negatively charged, graphene (graphenide) flakes in solution can be achieved by dissolution of graphite intercalation compounds (GICs)in low boiling point aprotic organic solvents under inert atmosphere. We now report that, under certain conditions, graphenide can be transferred to water as single layer graphene. The organic solvent can thenbe evaporated to remain with an aqueous graphene suspension of ca 400 m2/L concentration underambient atmosphere. The Raman spectra (2.33 eV laser) collected in situ on such dispersions show band sat 1343, 1586, 1620 and 2681 cm-1 corresponding to the D, G, D’ and 2D bands of graphene respectively.The 2D band at 2681 cm-1 is well fitted with a sharp lorentzian line (FWHM = 28 cm-1) which is a hallmark of single layer graphene. We have thus succeeded in preparing air stable, bulk suspensions of single layer graphene in water.

(ii) Food waste can be transformed into graphitic carbon and renewable hydrogen using an innovative low energy microwave plasma process at industrial scale. The obtained nanocarbon is obtained through energy efficient transformation of methane resulting from decomposition of food waste. After purification, well defined, high concentration aqueous dispersions of nanocarbons are obtained and characterized. They contain calibrated multilayer graphene particles. Conducting inks and films can be prepared from these dispersions.

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Abstract: Minyang Lu

Sponsor: Wenyang Yang

Media: Xiaoyan Zhang

Visa: Xiaoqing Huang

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